The Book of Malachi

God, Divorce, and Apostasy – Part One

Malachi 2:10 – 16 This week’s lessons teach us why God hates divorce.

If you are married, it is likely that the most solemn, official commitment you have made in your entire life was when you stood before a minister of the gospel and promised to take your spouse as husband or wife in plenty or in want, in joy or in sorrow, in sickness or in health as long you both shall live.

What could be more serious or official than that? If you are a naturalized American citizen, you have sworn a certain loyalty to the United States of America. But you can reverse that commitment, becoming an expatriate, and no one – certainly not God – would be offended. If you were (or are) in the army, you took an oath of obedience to your commanding officers, which you indicated by taking a step forward at your induction service. But that is only for a short period of time. Even if you make a career of the military, it is only for twenty or so years. The only thing I can think of that is more solemn than the commitment one makes in marriage is the commitment Christians make to Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. But even that is not always so formal, and, in any case, the two commitments are related to each other, as I hope to show.

So I repeat: no commitment you or I ever make is as solemn or as official as the one we make to our husband or wife during the course of the marriage ceremony. Yet here is the anomaly. In spite of marriage commencing with a commitment of this nature, marriages are breaking up at a previously unheard of rate.

Do we need statistics? Almost fifty years ago the original speaker on “The Lutheran Hour,” Walter A. Maier, wrote the best book on marriage I have ever read. In it he deplored the increasing divorce statistics of his day, complaining that if the trends of the 1930s continued, by 1950 one-fourth of all marriages made in the United States would end in divorce, and by 1990 that figure would be one in two.1 This was so outrageous a suggestion for the 1930s that Maier had to be defensive. He argued that his prophecy was “no hare-brained hallucination.” But today, as we look back on Maier’s words, we find that he was far too sanguine. He was not radical enough. The facts are that in 1920 there was one divorce for every seven marriages. In 1940 there was one divorce for every six marriages. In 1960 there was one divorce for every four marriages. In 1972 there was one divorce for every three marriages. And by 1977 (thirteen years ahead of Maier’s timetable) there was one divorce for every two marriages. In that year alone there were more than a million divorces in the United States of America.

What is the cause of this problem, a problem which involves our national character and has untold evil effects on society? There are many causes, depending on how the subject is treated. But as with most problems the underlying causes are spiritual, and among these spiritual causes is the breakdown of faithfulness to God’s teaching on the evils of divorce.

1 Walter A. Maier, For Better, Not for Worse (Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1935), p. 371.

Study Questions
  1. Why is a marriage commitment the most solemn of all commitments?
  2. What are the underlying causes for the breakdown of the institution of marriage?

Further Study: Meditate upon the following passages to more fully apprehend the biblical picture of this God-given institution: Gen. 2:20-24; Ex. 20:14; Prov. 5:15-20; Song of Solomon; Matt. 5:31-32, 19:1-12, 22:23-32; Rom. 7:1-3; 1 Cor. 7; Eph. 5:22-33.
Reflection: Ponder what factors and postmodern attitudes within our culture are contributing to the high divorce rate.

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